Meta has been instructed to remove a Facebook page containing content deemed egregious under a Singapore legislation that kicked in just this year.
It marks the first time a social media platform has been directed to do so since the Online Safety Act took effect on Feb. 1.
Singapore’s Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) said Friday it notified Meta to review and remove a Facebook page and group containing child sexual exploitation material. Under the Act, Meta will have to comply within 24 hours.
Internet service providers in Singapore also have been instructed to block a website linked to the Facebook page and group, according to IMDA.
The industry regulator said the Singapore Police Force alerted it to the Facebook page, which was part of an online network facilitating the sharing of child sexual exploitation content. It led to the discovery of the Facebook group, which contained similar posts with hyperlinks leading viewers to a website carrying such content.
Apart from child sexual exploitation material, others deemed egregious under the Act include content advocating or instructing on physical violence and terrorism, as well as content that poses public health risks in Singapore.
Under the online safety legislation, which was included as amendments in the country’s Broadcasting Act, IMDA has the authority to direct social media platforms to block or remove egregious content. The regulator said it would not hesitate to do so if these services failed to “swiftly” detect and remove such content on their platforms.
It said these operators should remain vigilant in identifying and preventing the dissemination of harmful online content through their services and platforms.
“Tackling the threat of harmful online content is a global issue that requires a whole-of-society effort,” IMDA said. “The Singapore government has strengthened our regulatory framework and will continue its efforts in ensuring regulatory and public education measures can address the growing range of harmful online content and protect Singapore users against online harms.”
Under the law, failure to comply with directives may result in a fine of up to SG$1 million. The platform’s service also may be blocked in Singapore.
In explaining the need for the Online Safety Act, the government previously said that while such websites had made efforts to address the issue, online harms continued to prevail and were compounded when amplified on social media. It also noted that other governments worldwide were reviewing ways to effectively regulate social media services.
Facebook in 2019 mandated that advertisers running campaigns on social issues, elections, and politics on its platform in Singapore had to confirm their identity and location, as well as reveal personnel responsible for the ads. This was part of efforts to stem the spread of misinformation and help block foreign interference in local elections, it said. Singapore held its general elections the following year.
In the lead-up to the 2020 elections, the government had issued several directives under the country’s Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act (POFMA), including an order for a Facebook page to be tagged as one with “a history of communicating falsehoods” and blocked for repeatedly refusing to comply with directives under the Act. Both Facebook and Twitter also were instructed to carry correction notices on posts accessed in Singapore that suggested a new variant of COVID-19 had originated in Singapore.